Problems emerging

At this stage, three types of problems can be identified:

  • The articulation between two logics: one based on VET and one based on BMD. A systematic comparison has been done on levels 5 to 8 between Dublin descriptors as used in the Framework for Qualifications of EHEA and descriptors as used in EQF. It indicates a large convergence between the two approaches but the style and vocabulary  is rather different.
  • The articulation between EQF and the Directive 2005/36/CE concerning the recognition of professional qualifications
  • The Commission invited Member States having not yet established a NQF to build one by 2010. Currently, few countries have a comprehensive NQF, some countries have vocational frameworks, but most of them have nothing. It is possible that a large part of these countries will be tempted to use the EQF as "national" reference. In this case, EQF will no longer be a translation device, but the European reference.  What are the implications of that for other Member States and the overall articulation of the EQF

It is clear that there is a lot of work to do: detailed technical work trying to explore issues in practice; strategic and political work with stakeholders at national and institutional level; and work at institutional level on programmes of study.